Home to arguably the most famous of autumn festivals, Germany is a great place to visit in October. Oktoberfest, the world's largest beer festival and travelling funfair, actually begins in September but comes to its climax in the first weekend in October in the beautiful Bavarian city of Munich. To see some magical autumn foliage, hire a car and head west on the German Wine Route, where the road twists through forests and vineyards in a mosaic of colour. Or, if city breaks are more your thing, head to the exciting capital Berlin, where the annual Festival of Lights takes place.
If you're not quite ready to say goodbye to the warmth of the summer, Portugal's mild October temperatures are still suitable for enjoying the outdoors. There are many different things to enjoy, such as the world's top professional surfing competition in Peniche, the Wine and Grape Festival in Bucelas near Lisbon. Alternatively, you could soak up the scenery on a river cruise along the breathtaking Douro valley.
October provides the perfect backdrop for an outdoor holiday in Hungary. With milder temperatures coming in, it's the ideal time to visit the country's beautiful cities (which can be sweltering in the summer months) or take a hiking trip into the Hortobágy National Park, home to many varieties of plants and wildlife, including a small herd of Przewalski's Horses. For another unique adventure, head underground and explore the caves of Aggtelek National Park, a UNESCO-World Heritage Site. If the weather turns a little cooler, visit the intriguing thermal bath in Miskolctapolca, which is found inside a natural cave system.